The legislations which check the practice of ragging in India and Tamilnadu are:
- Indian Penal Code.
- UGC Regulations on Curbing the Menace of Ragging In Higher Educational Institutions, 2009.
- MCI Regulations on Prevention and Prohibition of Ragging in Medical Colleges/Institutions.
- The Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997(Act No.7 of 1997).
1. Indian Penal Code.
There are provisions in the IPC which can be used by a student to register an FIR in the nearest Police Station. These provisions are:
- 294 – Obscene acts and songs
- 323 – punishment for voluntarily causing hurt
- 324 – voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapon or means
- 325 – punishment for voluntarily causing grievous hurt
- 326 – voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapon
- 339 – Wrongful Restraint
- 340 – Wrongful Confinement
- 341 – Punishment for Wrongful Restraint
- 342 – Punishment for Wrongful Confinement
- 506 – Punishment for culpable homicide not amounting to murder
2. UGC Regulations on Curbing the Menace of Ragging In Higher Educational Institutions 2009.
These regulations were passed by the University Grants Commission in the year 2009 to curb the menace of ragging in the Universities in India.
Regulation 6: Talks about the measures for prevention of ragging at the institution level. It lays down the steps an institution has to follow during the admission and registration process. A student during the admission process has to file an affidavit along with his parents/guardian’s signature, stating that he will not be ragging other students directly or indirectly. Also, the institution has to publish the names and contact numbers of Anti-ragging committee of the university.
Every fresh student admitted to the institution shall be given a printed leaflet detailing to whom he/she has to turn to for help and guidance for various purposes including addresses and telephone numbers, so as to enable the student to contact the concerned person at any time.
Regulation 6.3: says that every institution shall constitute a committee to be known as the Anti-Ragging Committee to be nominated and headed by the Head of the institution, and consisting of representatives of civil and police administration, local media, Non-Government Organizations involved in youth activities, representatives of faculty members, representatives of parents, representatives of students belonging to the fresher’s category as well as senior students, non-teaching staff; and shall have a diverse mix of membership in terms of levels as well as gender.
It shall be the duty of the Anti-Ragging Committee to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Regulations as well as the provisions of any law for the time being in force concerning ragging; and also to monitor and oversee the performance of the Anti-Ragging Squad. It shall be the duty of the Anti-Ragging Squad to make surprise raids on hostels, and other places vulnerable to incidents of, and having the potential of, ragging.
Regulation 7: lays down that on receipt of any information concerning any reported incident of ragging, the Head of institution shall immediately determine if a case under the penal laws is made out and if so, either on his own or through a member of the Anti-Ragging Committee, proceed to file a First Information Report (FIR), within twenty four hours of receipt of such information.
Regulation 9: lays down that The Anti-Ragging Committee of the institution shall take an appropriate decision, in regard to punishment or otherwise, depending on the facts of each incident of ragging and nature and gravity of the incident of ragging established in the recommendations of the Anti-Ragging Squad.
3. MCI Regulations on Prevention and Prohibition of Ragging in Medical Colleges/Institutions.
The Medical Council of India has made “Medical Council of India (Prevention and Prohibition of Ragging in Medical Colleges/Institutions) Regulations, 2009” under Section 33 of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.
4. The Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997(Act No.7 of 1997).
An act to prohibit ragging in educational institution in the State of TamilNadu.