::: Hospital Services : Blood Bank Services
 
 
Our Blood Bank is licensed by Central Drug and Cosmetic Control Authority of India.
 
            We serve blood to the poor and needy people in the hospital premises and throughout the district through blood storage centre attached to our Blood Bank. We serve whole blood and it’s Component (Packed Red Cell, FFP, Platelets)


            We are conducting blood donation camp and awareness programme with the help of all service organization in and around all arts colleges and professional colleges in and around

            We regularly carry out academic activities for MBBS, Nursing and DMLT Students.


Staff Details             :

     Medical Officer       -1
     Staff Nurse            -10
     Lab.Technician       -1
     Counsellor             -1
     Driver                   -1
     Attender                -1
 
Facility Available:

      1.   Blood Bank Refrigerator
      2.   Deep Freezer
      3.   Refrigerated Centrifuge
      4.   Platelet Agitator
      5.   Laminar Air Flow
      6.   Incubator
      7.   Eliza Reader
      8.   Cell Counter
      9.   Tube Sealer
      10. Blood Collection Monitor
      11. Donor Couches
      12. Plasma Expresser
      13. Plasma thawing bath 
      14. Refrigerator for Kit Storage


Services Provided   :

      1.Camps and Awareness programmes conducted to collection in conjunction with   RRC, YRC, NGO, NCC, NSS, Blood Donors Club, Indian Red Cross Society.

      2.Pre donation counselling  and post donation  counselling given  by our Counsellor

     3.All mandatory screening tests done in a precise manner by our Lab Technician by confirmatory (ELISA) methods.

     4.Those who found to  have reactive in any of the mandatory tests are being referred  to concerned higher specialties for further management.

Strict temperatures are maintained and scrutinized  for every 1 hours by our staffs.

Guidelines for Donor Selection at Kanyakumari Govt Medical College Blood Bank:


DONOR RECRUITMENT & RETENTION:

      
Blood will be accepted only from voluntary, non-remunerated, low risk, safe and healthy donors. Efforts will be directed towards encouraging and retaining adequate numbers of repeat donors. Donors will be appropriately recognised and felicitated for their contribution. The blood bank will educate donors prior to collection of blood regarding the risk of transfusion transmissible infections.

DONOR SELECTION:

 Pre-donation counselling by trained staff will be made available maintaining privacy and confidentiality.
 Pre-donation information should include: 

 Modes of transmission leading to risk behaviour and self-exclusion for patient's safety.
 Alternative testing site
 Tests carried out on donated blood
 Confidentiality of test results
 Need for honest answers in view of window period.
 A questionnaire is available in Blood Bank in English and Tamil languages which is simple and easy to understand to be answered by the donor.
 For donors who are illiterate, assistance should be given by donor registration staff.
 Medical officer with MBBS or above qualification will be responsible for reviewing the donor's health conditions and performing physical examination of the donor.
 Demographic details such as name and address of donor, date and time of donor selection and donation should be registered.
 Consent will be obtained in writing from the donors after explaining the procedure, potential adverse reactions as well as the tests carried out on the donated blood.


CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF DONORS:

Following guidelines should be observed in order to determine that the blood donation will not be detrimental to the donors/recipients.

Physical Examination: A medical officer will certify the donor fit for blood donation.
General Appearance: The prospective donor should appear to be in good health.

Age Donors: Age should be between the age of 18 and 65 years.

Haemoglobin or packed Cell Volume (Haematocrit): The haemoglobin should be not less than 12.5 gm/dl or the packed cell volume (haematocrit) should be not less than 36%.

The screening will be carried out by using appropriate and validated methodology. A more sensitive method of hemoglobin testing will be available as a reference or control.

Weight: Blood collection from donors weighing 45-55 Kg should be 350 ml blood and from those weighing 55 Kg and above should be 450 ml.

Blood Pressure: The systolic blood pressure should be between 100 and 160 mm of mercury and the diastolic pressure should be between 60-90 mm of mercury.

Temperature: Temperature should not exceed 37.50 C/ 99.5o C

Pulse Pulse: It should be between 60 to 100 beats per minute and regular.

Donor Skin: The skin at the venepuncture site should be free of any skin lesion or scar indicative of addiction to narcotics or infection as well as marks of repeat venepuncture.

Clinical Evaluation: Examination of respiratory system, cardiovascular system and abdomen will be carried out if necessary.

MEDICAL HISTORY:
  1. Conditions that affect safety of donors:
      Before each donation questions should be asked to determine that the donor is in normal health and has not suffered or is not suffering from any serious illness e.g. malignant disease, epilepsy, bronchial asthma, diabetes, excessive menstrual bleeding, cardio-vascular conditions, renal disease, allergic diseases and abnormal bleeding tendency.

     Pregnancy: Prospective donor should not be accepted during period of pregnancy and till 12 months after full term delivery and also during lactation. Donors who have abortions will be deferred till 6 months after 2nd and 3rd trimester abortion. Menstruation in itself should not be a cause for deferral.
     Any donor who appears to be under the influence of alcohol or any drug abuse and who does not appear to be providing reliable answers to questions on their medical history should not be accepted.
  1. Conditions that affect safety of recipients.
Any donor on antibiotic therapy or other medications should be deferred after evaluating his/her suitability as donor.

Infectious disease:

Donors having history of malaria will be accepted after 3 months.
Donors having history of jaundice will be deferred up to 1 year.
Donors having history of being HIV, HBsAg / HCV antibody positive should be permanently deferred.
Donors having intimate contact with HIV, HBsAg / HCV antibody positive individual will be permanently deferred.
Donors having history of measles/mumps/chickenpox will be deferred for 8 weeks.
Donors having history of influenza and URTI (Upper Respiratory Tract Infections) will be deferred till 1 week after treatment.
Donors having history of diarrhoea in preceding week particularly if associated with fever will be deferred.
For emerging potential transfusion transmissible infections, the guidelines published from central health authorities will be followed.
Private interview of each donor is essential to assess the risk of HIV infection due to high risk sexual behaviour and unsafe sexual practice.
Donors who give history suggestive of HIV infection such as;  swollen glands  persistent cough  unexplained weight loss  night sweats/fever  skin rashes and skin infections and  prolonged diarrhoea will be deferred permanently.

Vaccinations

Individuals who have taken vaccination against TAB/TT/CHOLERA/ HEPATITIS-A -
will be accepted if free of symptoms.
Those who have received Hepatitis B vaccination
will be accepted after 1 year of vaccination.
Yellow fever/measles/polio - 
will be deferred for 1 months.
Rabies vaccination -
will be deferred for 1 year. Those bitten by any animal will be deferred for one year.
Hepatitis B Immunoglobulin -
will be deferred for 1 year
Aspirin Ingestion : Ingestion of Aspirin or any related medicine within three days prior to donation
will preclude use of donor as a source of platelet preparation.
Surgical Procedures : Donors will be accepted one year after the recovery from major operations and six months after recovery from minor operations including acupuncture, tattooing and scarification.
Donors having history of receiving transfusion of blood or blood products
will be deferred for 12 months.

DONATION INTERVAL

The interval between two blood donations
will be at least 12 weeks.

At least 48 hours must elapse after plasma pheresis or Cytapheresis before whole blood is collected from a donor.

Apheresis
will be done only after 90 days of whole blood collection or in an event when red cells are not returned at the end of pheresis.

INFORMATION PROVIDED TO THE DONORS

     Requirement of consent Prior to blood donation, the consent of the donor will be obtained in writing with donor's signature or thumb impression after the procedure is explained and the donor is informed regarding testing of blood for all mandatory tests for safety of recipients. The donor will be provided an opportunity to ask questions and refuse consent.

     Post-phlebotomy advice Donors will be given advice regarding post-phlebotomy care and cautioned as to possible adverse reactions. This will be displayed in the blood collection/observation room

Information of test results:
The medical officer of blood bank will inform the donor about any sero-reactive result of Transfusion Transmitted Infection (TTI). 

     Donors who are HIV sero-reactive will be referred to an Integrated Counselling and Testing Centre (ICTC) for post donation confirmation and counselling.

Counselling and Referral

   For ensuring blood safety, the blood banks
will provide pre and post donation counselling services.
   We will train our donor organisers / medical officers to undertake counselling, besides appointing a donor counsellor.
    Donors
will be referred to appropriate medical services for follow up and treatment whenever necessary.
For post-donation counselling on HIV, we have facilities of counselling in our Blood banks.



 

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